Indiae Orientalis, Insularumque Adiacientium Typus
(Latin "Map of the East Indies, and the islands adjoining") is a map published by Abraham Ortelius in Antwerp circa 1570. One of the earliest maps of the East Indies, it include such inaccuracies as the oversized islands of Sumatra and Java, the missing Philippine island of Luzon, and the misshapen landmass of Japan.
Taiwan is mapped as I. Fermosa
, one of the small islands off the coast of Japan. At the bottom, the presumed continentis Australis
is drawn from the accounts of Marco Polo.
The coast of California is dotted with the mythical cities of Quivira
, and Tiguex
. Near the shore, a ship is menaced by whale-like sea monsters, while a pair of mermaids preen before each other.
Below them, a banner reads Insulæ Moluccæ ob maximam aromatum copiam, quam per totum terrarû orbem trans ferunt, 5. Sunt, iuxta Gilolo nempe, Tarenate, Tidore, Motir, Machia et Bachia.
(Of the famous Molucca islands there are next to Gilolo five, exporting all over the world a great abundance of fragrant spices, namely Tarenate, Tidore, Motir, Machia and Bachia.)
New Guinea is inscribed with Nova Guinea quam Andreas Corsalis Terram Piccinaculi appellare videtur. An insula sit, an pars continentis Australis incertum est.
(New Guinea, which seems to be called Piccinaculusland by Andrea Corsali
. Whether this is an island or part of the Southern Continent is uncertain.)